Acetamide is an amide derived from acetic acid with the molecular formula CH3CONH2. The pure product is a white crystalline solid at room temperature, which can be obtained by dehydration of ammonium acetate. It is used as a plasticizer and an important raw material for organic synthesis.
Acetamide is not very flammable, but it emits irritating fumes when burned. Toxic by inhalation, ingestion, skin and eye contact. Skin and eye contact may cause redness or pain.
Acetamide derivative N, N-dimethylacetamide (DMA) is a compound in which two hydrogens of acetamide amino are replaced by methyl groups, and is often used as a solvent; N-methylacetamide is a demonstration peptide The simplest example of a key. There is also the derivative N-Ethylacetamide, which is often used in organic synthesis such as pesticides and medicines. It is also an important intermediate for hypnotics Zaleplon. It is also used as a toughening agent, surfactant and solvent.
Recently, the Green Bay Radio Telescope (GBT) detected some organic compounds in the central part of the Milky Way, such as acetamide. Because acetamide contains amide bonds, similar to peptide bonds that link amino acids in proteins, this finding supports the theory that life evolved from simple organic compounds.