Epilepsy is a kind of brain neuron caused by multiple reasons, a clinical syndrome of highly synchronized abnormal discharge. The clinical manifestations of epilepsy mainly include: some abnormalities in motor, sensory, consciousness, mental, and autonomic functions. It can also show one or more abnormalities in a patient.
Epilepsy can be divided into primary epilepsy and secondary epilepsy according to the cause. The treatment of epilepsy so far mainly includes: drug therapy, surgical treatment, gene therapy, psychotherapy and diet therapy.
Clinical studies have shown that treatment is mainly based on drug treatment, the most important, and some of the most basic methods. From traditional anti-epileptic drugs and first-generation drugs to the third-generation anti-epileptic drugs that have been born more and more in recent years. The development of anti-epileptic drugs is very exciting to our clinicians, researchers and patients.
Introduction to traditional anti-epileptic drugs
Sodium valproate: clinically used to treat partial seizures of epilepsy, can be used for the treatment of complex partial seizures and seizures secondary to general tonic spasm, and can also be used for the treatment of trigeminal nerve pain and bipolar disorder.
Carbamazepine: clinically used for the treatment of partial epilepsy, it can be used for the treatment of complex partial seizures and seizures secondary to general tonic spasm, and it can also be used for the treatment of trigeminal nerve pain and bipolar disorder.
Phenytoin: It is mainly used for general tonic seizures and partial seizures.
Phenobarbital: This drug is used clinically to treat epilepsy in children. It is also used in neonates, some acute brain injuries, epilepsy, and status epilepticus.
Introduction of new anti-epileptic drugs
From our recent years of research and clinical applications, we have discovered new types of anti-epileptic drugs and traditional anti-epileptic drugs. In comparison, the two curative effects are equivalent, but they are better than traditional drugs in terms of side effects and safety. For example, levetiracetam, lamotrigine, topiramate, oxcarbazepine, and Dimethyl 2,2-dimethyl-malonate are also the main intermediates for the treatment of epilepsy.