Difference Between Water-based Paint And Oil-based Paint

- Jan 20, 2021-

What is the difference between water-based paint and oil-based paint

With the improvement of people's living standards and the pursuit of environmentally friendly life, water-based paint for home improvement has developed rapidly. So what is the difference between water-based coatings and traditional oil-based coatings? Let us uncover the mystery below.


Oil-based paint is a type of paint with dry oil as the main film-forming substance, mainly including clear oil, thick paint, oily blend paint, oily anti-rust paint and putty, putty, etc.

Water-based paint is a paint that uses water as a solvent or as a dispersion medium, including three types: water-soluble paint, water-reducible paint, and water-dispersible paint (latex paint). Water-soluble paint is based on water-soluble resin as the film-forming material, represented by polyvinyl alcohol and various modified products, in addition to water-soluble alkyd resin, water-soluble epoxy resin and inorganic polymer water-based resin.

China Titania is one of the important raw materials for the production of white paint.

Environmental protection

Water-based paint uses water as a diluent, which is harmless to human health, while oil-based paint uses banana water and thinner as diluent, which contains harmful carcinogens such as xylene.

Since the water-based paint is non-toxic and tasteless, you can move in after painting. Oil-based paint contains a strong pungent smell, and the gas also contains a lot of harmful substances. About one or two months after painting, the strong pungent odor can basically be volatilized and tasteless, but the harmful gas will be slowly released and volatilized for about 10 to 15 years.

Cost performance

Water-based coatings have relatively high technical requirements in terms of drying time, hardness, and fullness, and the manufacturing process is relatively complicated, and large-scale production equipment is required to produce products with relatively stable performance, and the production cost is relatively high. This is why the price of water-based paints of the same grade is much higher than that of oil-based paints.


Water-based wood coatings are not as good as oil-based wood coatings in terms of hardness, fullness, aging resistance and other decorative effects. Consumers who have high requirements for the home environment may even renovate after three to five years. Since general water-based paints are not highly resistant to wear, most consumers choose to use water-based paints only on the wall surface, and oil-based paints are used for frequently scrubbed parts such as doors, windows, and furniture.

Construction performance

There are no special requirements for water-based coatings. After simple training, you can paint and repair according to your own needs. Oil-based coatings must undergo professional training and practice to ensure a good painting effect.