During seizures, EEG activity is periodically disturbed and causes a certain degree of transient brain dysfunction.
5,5-Dimethyloxazolidine-2,4-dione CAS 695-53-4 suppliers told us that many people will have an abnormal feeling before seizures.
Some seizures cause uncontrollable convulsions and loss of consciousness, but usually the patient simply stops the action or is unconscious of what has just happened.
Doctors diagnose epilepsy based on symptoms, and brain imaging, blood tests, and EEG are helpful in confirming epilepsy.
Drugs can be used to prevent seizures if necessary.
Normal brain function requires the order, organization, and coordinated discharge of electrical impulses. This discharge allows information exchange between the brain and the spinal cord, nerves, muscles, and brain neurons. When brain electrical activity is disturbed, it may cause epilepsy.
There are two basic types of seizures:
5,5-Dimethyloxazolidine-2,4-dione CAS 695-53-4 manufacturers said that epileptic seizures have no clear cause (or cause) and occur repeatedly, known as epilepsy or epilepsy.
Non-convulsive: These episodes are usually induced by the brain by disease or other conditions. In children, fever can cause non-convulsive seizures (called febrile seizures - febrile seizures).
Certain mental illnesses can cause symptoms similar to epilepsy and become psychogenic non-seizures.
Approximately 2% of adults will have a seizure during their lifetime, and 2/3 of them will not occur in the future. Epilepsy often begins in early childhood or late adulthood.
5,5-Dimethyl-2,4-oxazolidinedione suppliers mentioned that In about 20% of patients with epilepsy, there is an unusual feeling (called aura) before seizures, such as the following: abnormal smell, taste; restlessness; The opposite feeling - strangeness, even if some familiar (called old things like new diseases); a strong feeling of onset; almost all seizures are relatively short, lasting from a few seconds to a few minutes, most seizures lasting 1 ~2 minutes. After the onset of the attack, the patient may have headache, myalgia, paresthesia, confusion, and fatigue. This post-effect is called post-on-the-state. Some patients may have one limb weakness that lasts longer than the seizure itself (a disease called Toddy's disease). Most patients with epilepsy behave and behave normally without seizures. Some people bite their tongue and urinate and/or incontinence during seizures.
If the cause can be determined and cleared, no additional treatment is needed. For seizures caused by hypoglycemia (hypoglycemia - hypoglycemia), it is only necessary to give sugar and treat diseases that cause low blood sugar. Other causes of treatment include tumors, infections, and abnormal blood sodium.
If the patient has epilepsy, general measures and medications are usually sufficient for treatment. If the drug is not effective, surgery can be recommended.
Patients should be encouraged to exercise and social activities. However, patients with epilepsy may need to make some adjustments. Do not drink alcohol or drink. Activities that can cause serious harm when sudden loss of consciousness is not allowed. Do not bathe alone, climb mountains, swim, and operate power tools. After epileptic seizure control (usually at least 6 months), these activities can only be carried out with adequate precautions. For example, swimming under the protection of a lifeguard. In most countries, the law prohibits episodes of people with full control of episodes from 6 months to 1 year.
The patient's family or friend should be trained to help with the patient's illness. Objects (such as spoons) should not be placed in the patient's mouth to protect the patient's tongue. This method does more harm than good. Because the patient's upper and lower jaw muscles contract, the object inside the inlet can be unconsciously bitten, thereby damaging the teeth. However, the helper should perform the following measures at the time of the attack: protect the patient from falling; unfasten the clothing on the neck; put a pillow under the head; let the patient lie on the side; if the pillow cannot be found, put it on the clothes or the helper's foot Under the patient's head.
For patients who are unconscious, they can turn their heads to one side to make their breathing smoother. The patient should not be left alone until the patient is fully awake and free to move. The patient is usually observed by the physician. The patient's doctor should normally be notified.
There are many types of anti-epileptic drugs. Which drug is effective depends on the type of epilepsy and other factors. For most patients, an episode of anti-epileptic drugs (usually the patient's first or second trial) can be used to control seizures. If relapse, try a different anti-epileptic drug. It may take several months to figure out which drug is effective for the patient. Some patients have to take several drugs, causing more adverse drug reactions. Some antiepileptic drugs must be used with other antiepileptic drugs and cannot be used alone.
The physician should pay attention to the appropriate dose of anti-epileptic drug for each patient. The optimal dose is the minimum dose that controls seizures, with minimal adverse effects. The physician should ask about the adverse reactions that occur and adjust the dose if necessary. Sometimes doctors test the concentration of anti-epileptic drugs in the blood, and should take anti-epileptic drugs according to the doctor's prescription. Patients should be reviewed regularly for drug dose adjustment, and a warning sign with the type of epilepsy and the type of medication should be taken with them. 5,5-Dimethyloxazolidine-2,4-dione CAS 695-53-4, 5,5-Dimethyl-2,4-oxazolidinedione, Dimethadione is one of the pharmaceutical raw materials for the treatment of epilepsy.
Emergency treatment is required for epileptic seizures and for more than 5 minutes. One or several anti-epileptic drugs should be administered in large doses as soon as possible. The faster the antiepileptic drug treatment begins, the better and easier the epilepsy control.
Brain surgery may be required if the patient continues to develop or is unable to tolerate the side effects of anti-epileptic drugs after taking two or more anti-epileptic drugs. Such patients should be examined at a professional epilepsy center to determine if the surgery is helpful.
Vagus nerve stimulation
More than half of the people can reduce the number of partial seizures by electrical stimulation of the 10th pair of cranial nerves (vagus nerves). This treatment can be used to reduce the number of episodes in about 40% of patients, although the seizures persist despite the use of antiepileptic drugs and are not likely to be performed.
It is believed that the vagus nerve is indirectly linked to the brain regions that are often associated with seizures. A device that looks like a pacemaker (vagus nerve stimulator) can be placed under the skin of the patient's left subclavian region and percutaneously through the metal line. Connected to the vagus nerve of the neck. The instrument causes a small protrusion to form under the skin and can be operated in an outpatient setting, which takes 1 to 2 hours.