At present, humans are still unable to stop aging, and bone degradation caused by aging cannot be reversed. However, humans can take measures to delay and alleviate this process of aging and degeneration. Even if the goal of longevity is achieved, it is not necessarily suffering from osteoporosis. . In this sense, osteoporosis is preventable. It is very important to establish a bone health awareness as early as possible and to do the following three levels of prevention.
Primary prevention: starting from children and adolescents
Pay attention to eating calcium-rich foods such as milk and soy products. Insist on exercise, do more "sunbathing", do not smoke and drink alcohol, drink less coffee, strong tea and carbonated drinks. Increase bone peaks to maximum as much as possible when you are young. Reserve the most abundant bone mass for the rest of your life.
Secondary prevention: after middle age, especially after menopause
At this time, the bone loss rate of the human body is accelerated, and it is recommended to perform a bone density test every 1 to 2 years. Long-term preventive supplementation of calcium and vitamin D, adhere to good living habits, such as regular physical activity, reasonable dietary nutrition, no smoking, less alcohol, can effectively prevent osteoporosis.
Tertiary prevention: After entering old age
Adhere to appropriate exercise, strengthen anti-fall measures, and prevent fractures. Older people should still actively supplement calcium and vitamin D. If bone density has been found to be low or has osteoporosis, medication may be appropriate to prevent bone loss and reduce the risk of fracture. For patients with fractures, active treatment can not be hesitated. In addition to timely treatment of fractures, reasonable rehabilitation treatment and prevention of fractures after fractures should not be overlooked, because the risk of re-fracture is significantly increased in patients with fractures.
Osteoporosis is a common chronic disease in the elderly, because osteoporosis makes the elderly unable to fall. To prevent fractures and serious consequences caused by falls, we must first prevent and treat osteoporosis. The Asian Food Information Center believes that in order to prevent and treat osteoporosis, it must achieve three key goals: to get enough calcium through the diet; to ensure that the body gets enough vitamin D from the diet or through the sun; exercise regularly every day. .
Below, we will talk about how to do it from the diet.
The physiological characteristics of the elderly caused their ability to absorb calcium to decline. When they entered the old age, they entered the “hardest hit” of osteoporosis.
Although the bones of the elderly are degraded and prone to osteoporosis, if the preventive measures are taken actively, this degenerative process can be delayed, thereby delaying and alleviating the occurrence of osteoporosis. Basic precautions include:
1) Balanced Diet The Dietary Guidelines for Chinese Residents, developed by the Nutrition Society, proposes to eat milk, beans and their products. These foods contain high levels of calcium.
2) Moderate exercise Exercise can increase the balance of the body, reducing the chance of wrestling and the incidence of fractures.
3) Sun exposure More sun exposure can increase the body's vitamin D storage, vitamin D helps calcium absorption in the intestines.
4) Additional supplemental calcium data show that the average daily calcium intake for adults over 50 is 1000 mg, and in fact the average daily dietary calcium intake is far from the recommended appropriate intake. An additional 600 mg of calcium is added.
The medicine is not as good as the food supplement, the food supplement is the safest and the most easy to absorb. The Chinese Nutrition Society recommends that people over the age of 50 consume 1000 mg of calcium per day (but not more than 2000 mg) and 10 μg of vitamin D (but not more than 20 μg).
In terms of drugs, Minodronic Acid is one of the main drugs for the treatment of osteoporosis, and Ethyl trans-4-oxo-2-butenoate is an important intermediate of Minodronic Acid.